project / funes

See project at

Funes lets you decorate functions in such a way that their computations are memorized permanently to disk. This is extremely useful for scientific investigations in which partial results should be stored between runs – hyperparameter searches being a good example. If the range of a hyperparameter search is extended, the computations from a previous run will complete instantly. Similarly, jobs can be cancelled part-way through, without requiring that the completed results are rerun.

Because the cache keys are definition-sensitive, changing a function definition in such a way that old results become invalid will automatically cause them to be recomputed.

It is named after the Borges short story Funes the Memories.


This package allows the results of expensive functions be cached to disk, by decorating these functions with the @memorious decorator. When that function is called again on an identical input, the cached result will be loaded from disk and returned.

This is achieved by pickling the result and input and writing it to disk, using a unique path that identifies the particular version of the function that is being cached (based on a hash that depends on its definition, thanks to the ‘dill’ package), as well as a key that depends on the hashed arguments of the function.

Memorious functions should not contain (possibly mutually) recursive definitions, or the stack will overflow. Their hash values WILL change if functions that depend on are changed, but these dependencies are only followed if they remain within the current module.

The pickled results will be cached under cache/funcname/hexhash/arg_hash.dill. These files can be deleted manually to clear the cache, or transported between computers.

Each pickled computation contains a dictionary with the following keys: input: ordered dict of function arguments + their provided (or defaulting) values output: whatever the function produced time: time in seconds the function took to run

A special global_seed keyword argument can be provided to any memorious function to set the global random seed prior to running the function. This allows controlled stochasticity to be used, while maintaining the benefits of caching.


The following script demonstrates the basic idea behind funes:

from funes import memorious, load_cached_results
from time import sleep

def double(x):
    print('doubling', x)
    return x * 2

print("uncached (will be slow)")
for i in range(5):

print("cached (will be fast)")
for i in range(5):

print("uncached (will be slow, unique global seed)")
for seed in range(5):
    double(0, global_seed=seed)

print("cached (will be fast, reuse global seed)")
for seed in range(5):
    double(0, global_seed=seed)

print("all cached values")